During the 16th century, at the time of the church reformation, Cambridge educated famous Protestant preachers such as Cranmer, Latimer and Ridley; all later became martyrs in Oxford, during the reign of Mary Tudor.
The Civil War brought Cambridge to the centre of events as Oliver Cromwell was a graduate of Sidney Sussex college and also the local member of parliament, while the University was mainly Royalist.
The mound of William the Conqueror's castle is still in existence, from where on a clear day you can see the lantern tower of Ely Cathedral.
In the 12th century, students attended schools attached to the Monasteries and Cathedrals and as Universities developed in Italy and France scholars migrated from one centre to another.
Shoppers will find a pleasant environment in Cambridge, for browsing in the bustling market square or discovering the many individual shops, the major stores and the excellent bookshops.
Cambridge has many cosmopolitan cafes and restaurants, serving a selection of food from around the world, together with traditional English cuisine.
When you visit Cambridge, some of the famous attractions you will not want to miss include The Fitzwilliam Museum, housing a collection of world famous paintings, drawings and prints together with Egyptian and Roman antiquities, there are permanent collections and temporary exhibitions.
The Cambridge and County Folk Museum, is in a building dating back to the 16th century.The Round Church, is one of only four remaining round churches in England, it now houses a brass rubbing centre.The American Cemetery, is set on a beautifully landscaped hillside, it commemorates the American service men and women who died during the Second World War.It was not until 1284 that the first college came into being when Hugo de Balsham, Bishop of Ely, founded Peterhouse.As the University grew and took over more of the town, inevitably there were disagreements between residents and members of the University and for many years there were spasmodic outbreaks of trouble between "town and gown".For those interested in rowing, they will be entertained by the “Bumps Races”, which take place on the River Cam.